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family of cowpea

Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. 2. In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown In scientific classification of Cowpea, Family is a main factor. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is an important legume, especially in the hot, dry tropics and subtropics of sub-Saharan Africa. In Telegu, which is another Indian language the cowpea is called ‘alasandulu’. Download free Cowpea transparent images in your personal projects or share it as a cool sticker on Tumblr, WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, Wechat, Twitter or in other messaging apps. v ABSTRACT Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is an important annual leguminous crop in semi-arid and tropics, where it is mainly grown for consumption and livestock feeding. You can also know the genus of all the plants which fall under List of Vegetables. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 2017; Hall 2004; Timko … Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. CPMV was first isolated from an infected cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plant in Nigeria in 1959. This page was last changed on 16 December 2020, at 17:59. The plant's Family is Fabaceae. The pods are long and cylindrical and can grow 20–30 cm (8–12 inches) long, depending on the cultivar. Binomial name; Vigna unguiculata Walp. Cowpea Kingdom and all the other plant kingdom are Plantae. Vigna triloba var. Cowpeas are a very important legume crop in many parts of Asia, Africa, and other arid parts of the world. Cowpea production in family plots is quite popular in both regions, suggesting that cowpea should no longer be considered just a “women’s crop.” Different varieties of crops are sold in the south, whereas cowpea is a major cash crop in the north. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Cowpea Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. The black-eyed pea is an example. pea. Cowpeas are called ‘lobhia’ according to the Hindi language. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Their corresponding functional … The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. This article was most recently revised and updated by, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture - Cowpea, cowpea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). cowpea, black-eyed pea, or black-eyed bean, annual legume (Vigna sinensis) of the pulse pulse, in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. So far, Cowpea farmers said the new beans variety Pod Borer Resistant (PBR) Cowpea (SAMPEA 20-T) has reduced cost of production compared to what was spent on the conventional variety. The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. Subfamily: Faboideae. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Cowpeas are basically annual crops grown for their leaves and seed. 5). Subsequently, it has been found to occur in Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Japan, Surinam, and Cuba. In both senses also called black-eyed pea. Experts agree that cowpeas belong to the botanical species Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. The crop has good morphological and biochemical qualities which make it 7.1) is a cowpea producer and processor in the Local Government Area of Dawakin Tofa.She grew up in a farming community where crop- livestock integration is a tradition. The plant's Family is Fabaceae. Synonyms; Vigna sinensis. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Field … Cowpea is a diploid member of the Fabaceae family with a chromosome number 2 n = 22 and a previously estimated genome size of 613 Mb (Arumuganathan and Earle, 1991). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. An edible seed of this plant. stenophylla Harv. The plants are heat-adapted and drought-tolerant. Cowpea is a type of bean, which is lengthy and green in colour. George Washington imported cowpeas from Jamaica around 1797. Omissions? Cowpea definition is - a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds; also : its edible seed —called also black-eyed pea, field pea. The cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. n cowpea A plant, Vigna Catiang. Regarding cowpea usage, all households in Cowpeas were cultivated long ago, some 5 to 6 thousand years ago in West Africa. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) (Pasquet 1998) also known as black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, southern pea, crowder pea, China pea and cow gram is an herbaceous legume belonging to the family Fabaceae.It is well adapted to harsh arid climates and low fertile soils and more drought- and heat-tolerant than most of its legume relatives (Carvalho et al. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. The cowpea CO-like gene family has several interesting features. 1 A plant of the pea family native to the Old World tropics, cultivated for its edible pods and seeds. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. Family : Leguminaceae Cowpea is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important grain legume adapted to the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it contributes to the nutrition, health, and income of rural and suburban inhabitants. Subsequently, it has been found to occur in Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Japan, Surinam, and Cuba. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) vegetable plays a vital role in the health and nutritional security of human being and it belongs to the family of fabaceae, is a diploid with chromosome number 2n=22 and genome size is 600 Mb. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ms. Hadja Salame Shaibu (Fig. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Birds, especially of the parrot family, could be a problem for Cowpea crops, as they can pull-up emerging seedlings and feed on developing green pods. In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown as a hay crop and as a green manure or cover crop. Species: V. unguiculata. Cowpea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Cowpea plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Cowpea. Corrections? Cowpeas constitute an integral part of South Indian cuisines. See pea. Updates? ssp. Taxonomy of Cowpea: Most nomenclature problems in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent. n cowpea The cow-pea is a bean rather than a pea, having large leaves with three leaflets and seeds frequently oblong or kidney-shaped. Abstract. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. There are six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. Cowpea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. CPMV was first isolated from an infected cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plant in Nigeria in 1959. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. Genus: Vigna. Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is the type member of the genus Comovirus which includes 13 additional members in the family Comoviridae. Family: Fabaceae. In scientific classification of Cowpea, Family is a main factor. It has been widely reported to be drought tolerant. The elites of England actually considered it food just for the cows and preferred the English pea instead. Plant family is the group of plants which have something in common. They were initially used for feeding cattle, which earns them the typical name. Vigna unguiculata, family Leguminosae ‘Other crop plants like peppers, cowpeas, clovers, legumes, and many others will be studied in the future.’ Cowpea is primarily used in the form of dry seeds, fodder, green pod, green manure, and cover crops. Cowpeas eventually travele… We have over 50,000 free transparent PNG images available to download today. When she got married few decades ago, Salame continued farming and keeping livestock to support her new family, mainly in sorghum and cowpea production. Cowpea scientific name is “Vigna Unguiculata”. Further scientific classification of Cowpea is as follows: Along with Cowpea, scientific classification is also important. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Cowpea is one of the oldest source of human food. Two cowpea genes, VuCOL1 and VuCOL2, clustering together within Group I are clearly the closest homologs of the Arabidopsis CO, COL1, and COL2 genes (Figure (Figure5). (kou′pē′) n. 1. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. The pods of these beans are called Lobia or Cowpeas. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is the type member of the genus Comovirus which includes 13 additional members in the family Comoviridae. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Cowpeas are native to Africa where they were domesticated over 4000 years ago. Cowpeas are typically climbing or trailing vines that bear compound leaves with three leaflets. Cowpea is a highly nutritious, multi-purpose crop, used as a leafy vegetable and grain legume with potential to contribute to food security in marginal areas. The white, purple, or pale-yellow flowers usually grow in pairs or threes at the ends of long stalks. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Along with the scientific name and classification of Cowpea, know about other Cowpea Facts. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. sesquipedalis), a subgroup of cowpea, is an important vegetable legume crop of Asia where its young pods are consumed in both fresh and cooked forms. The growth habit is climbing, spreading or erect and they belong to the bean family (Leguminosae) (Papilionaceae). Cowpeas are also called Black-eyed peas, for their black spot on the oval-shaped, cream coloured bean. Cpmv was first isolated from an infected cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. is... Purple, or pale-yellow flowers usually grow in pairs or threes at the end of a classification chart Heritage®. Like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable for feeding,! 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