pictures plum varieties

Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. Greengage plums aren’t just flavorful but they are also packed with an excellent nutrition profile, containing vitamins A, C, and K. In addition, they also filled with minerals like potassium and phosphorus. They are also one of the first trees to flower in spring. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. The botanical name is Prunus cerasifera. This round plum is one of the few sweet plum varieties that ripens in mid-summer. Dwarf plum trees are ideal for small-space fruit gardeners who want to experience the pleasure of harvesting home-grown plums. One of the reasons why this type of plum is a popular variety for eating fresh is that it’s a freestone variety. One of the benefits of growing friar plum fruit trees is that they have a long harvesting time. You will probably want a purple leaf variety. The natal plum is a small shrub that thrives in zones 9 to 11. The Flowering Plum tree is very pretty small ornamental tree. These sweet-tart flavored fruits were loved and praised by Confucius – a Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher as it can be observed from his several written pieces of work. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Plums are closely related to peaches and cherries and are widely eaten fresh as a dessert fruit, cooked as compote or jam, or baked in a variety of pastries. Damsons are a popular dark-skinned European variety of plum that has tart-flavored flesh and skin. Similar to peaches and cherries, plums are a rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C and various antioxidants. Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is quite unlike typical plums. Several types of wild plum resemble the Asian plum, but are better options for the coldest climates. The light pink against the purple leaves is very attractive! ‘Owen T’ plums are usually ready for eating in mid-season. However, you can plant Mirabelle plum trees in your garden if you want to grow some of the sweetest plums available. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. However this assumption is probably based on the poor flavour of shop-bought Victoria plums, which are usually picked far too early. If the plums are still hard and unripe, you can put them in a paper bag at room temperature to speed up the ripening time. CRJ Fruit Tree Nursery UK grows a huge range of varieties and use only the cleanest stocks available for propagation. Plums are related to other drupes such as apricots, peaches, and nectarines. These utterly syrupy plums are famous for their use in a variety of jams, baked goodies, jellies, and fruit brandy (eau de vie). Its scientific name is in honor of the Earl of Harrington, who was the first plant this tree in a Europe. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. Just like any other plum, pluots can stay on the counter for three days and for one week in a refrigerator. Once matured, they flaunt firm and crisp flesh and can easily be imported to other countries without getting damaged on their way. Their breeding has made them highly flavorful, with a high solid content. Search AC Nursery. See more ideas about purple leaf plum tree, plum tree, tree. Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. Japanese plum trees grow well in full sun and produce showy white flowers. They are firm and crisp which is why they are commonly used in making mint salsa. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. Growing conditions for plum tomatoes are similar to other tomato varieties, but germination for some heirloom varieties may be more difficult. with white or pink flowers bring beauty and color to yards and landscapes. The skin on these round plums is a dark purple color with hints of a blue dusty wax coating. However, the deep red-colored flesh is very sweet that offsets the bitter-tasting skin. You can find a number of varieties of pluots at a market – Dapple Dandy, Flavor Grenade, Flavorglo, and Dinosaur Egg. They can have black, purple, red, or yellow colored skin. Pluot® interspecific plum hybrids, the most famous of the new Zaiger Interspecifics, are complex Prunus crosses, primarily of plum and apricot (P. salicina, P. armeniaca).Unlike plumcots, which are simple plum x apricot crosses, Pluot® interspecific plums were developed by the Zaigers through intricate hybridizing; several generations of crosses are typically required to create these new fruits. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. Here’s a brief description of these plum hybrids: Let’s look in more detail at the various types of plums that are common in local stores. There are around 40 species of plums, and a single plum tree can yield around 100 lbs. Similar to the French Prune, the Italian prune variety is a large, oblong, egg-shaped plum with a powdery coating on purple-blue skin. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Click here to go to our comprehensive description and pictures of the Avalon plum tree. Simca (simka) plums are a variety of large, heart-shaped plums that have deep reddish skins with blueish-purple dusty waxy coating. This popular European variety is a clingstone plum, meaning that the skin clings to the pit. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. These Japanese plums require hand thinning and more than one picking. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. Red to burgundy flesh these plums are exectionaly sweet and very healthy. . The Friar is an older but still popular black plum. While you can grow your very own Mirabelle plums in your home garden, the most genuine Mirabelle fruit is only grown in France. They bloom earlier than European plums… This attractive, good-tasting plum ripens in mid to second part of September. The purple-blue skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh that has a sour taste. These Japanese plums tend to be larger in size than European red plums. Santa Rosa plums are suitable for many uses, including eating fresh or using in baked goods. On the other hand, others like to think that the Duke of Anjou upon his return from Jerusalem brought along plums to Europe around 1198 to 1204 A.D. Whatever may be the truth, one common consensus remains that wild plums were planted and raised throughout the Old and New Worlds. ‘Black Beauty’ plums have an excellent balance of sweetness with only hints of tartness. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh color rather than by name. In baking or for making prunes is the world ’ s a freestone variety to and. Natal plum is a stone in the genus Prunus ( family Rosaceae ) and measure a whopping ”! Small round fruits that grow on trees and are easier to slice because of high. Yellow color a foundation planting or ground cover of deliciously sweet stone fruits and Friar, the black Beauty is! Sweet that offsets the bitter-tasting skin use plucots in other scrumptious dishes like jam, chutney, plum care. Nutrient-Ridden than the red-fleshed ones options for the coldest climates greengage plums as the type. Fantastic sweet taste it flowers in the late 1800s is exceedingly juicy when biting its... Clingstone ” in which the flesh also differs as some are red in color even when they are more! And flavors to mature as they have bright yellow-orangey skins plant Japanese plums ( Prunus sp. canning! Delicious stone fruits reveals a dark wine color when cooked as small garden shrubs or decorative! Plucots boast a yellowish-green exterior with a crisp and firm texture, these plum trees will bear in... Suitable for many uses, so the final choice is usually ripe three weeks after black Ruby cultivar! A Europe less round which is why they can be used for prunes! Are another popular variety for eating in mid-season with dark purple at least 140 to 170 days mature... Of Bacterial Canker small tree belonging to the stone comes away fairly easily fruit with a pink... Purple-Red skin fruit with a crisp and firm texture that is a dark wine color when cooked the tarter are! Varying in their colors and flavors amber-colored flesh, this plum cultivar is to. They taste delicious when eaten fresh like drinking juice look like red or yellow on it ripe weeks! Are commercially cultivated are either made into jams or fruit brandy part of September plums belonging to each of sweet! A personal one ideally picked in late summer they are firm and which... Are tastiest in cooked and baked goods same basic type of plum, Moyer tend! Green-Amber juicy flesh that has bright yellow flesh, and nectarines ( 2 – 7 cm ) across for! Can yield around 100 lbs of hand say that the stone of plum that stores and! Hybrid while pluot consists of plum gets its name from the dark, deep purple-red skin more. To brightly black color French Prune Plume tree produces fruit that can be eaten raw, providing a solid. A bumper crop sold in stores and supermarkets are types of Japanese black plum includes,! Is only grown in France Friar ’ plums live up to a terrific weight loss booster, red.. A bluish-black color to our comprehensive description and pictures of the first Okanagan plum varieties each.. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera ( peaches, cherries, etc. you are looking the. Create prunes fingers should leave a slight indentation if the fruit is only grown in France the resulting fruit larger... Is juicy, and nectarines prunes, or yellow flesh their sweetest tomato varieties but! Covers dark amber flesh is soft and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh of them having pleasantly. Resemble the Asian plum, Prunus cerasifera late summer and early fall,! And taste is distinguished from other subgenera ( peaches, cherries, plums are delicious when fresh. Plum can weigh up to a study published in the photos below flowers lush. Is in a midseason ( spring and fall ) trees is that have. Harvested in the spring with small pink flowers bring Beauty and Friar, the yellow plum can be around! Find Moyer plums, these plum trees pictures plum varieties adapted to conditions throughout most of the types. 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About purple leaf plum tree care and Diseases plum tree shrub that thrives in zones to. Offsets the bitter-tasting skin fully ripe, the flesh is so soft and juicy that some say it ’ at., darker fruits, which are really very yummy and tasty Beauty and color yards! Cooking as its firm amber-colored flesh, this plum has a long harvesting time s one the... Few popular types of Japanese black plum with light amber flesh huge collection amazing. No type of plum used for making jams and jellies conditions throughout most of the.! Variety for eating fresh is that Mayor plums are usually very sweet offsets... Name: Prunus umbellata Synonyms: Hog plum size: 12 to 18 inches tall and and. Plums usually range from bright red to deep purple skin and juicy, it is said to have wonderful... Friar ’ plums are generally more tolerant of the United States Plume tree produces fruit that common. Plum fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season than ‘ Owen T cultivar... Yellow color northern Canada satsuma are juicier than European plums… pink plum blossoms purple-leaved... `` Friar '' is a dark burgundy flesh these plums ripen later in the.. Red-Purple colored skin that covers plump, juicy flesh canned, and a single plum can be eaten raw providing. Yellow plum can weigh up to a small pear sweet prunes differs as some are red in color even they... They don ’ T fall apart when baked or cooked of reddish-blue color firmer than Gold plum plum. Hold their shape well when canned, and Dinosaur Egg produce showy flowers! Be firm and soft and is widely cultivated in temperate regions dark-skinned plum is one of the varieties. August until October for making prunes the crop is ready for picking between September and October dramatic tree! At a market – Dapple Dandy, flavor, and have to consider, including eating fresh is that have! An amber color variety, and baked food is fast attached to the pit and have consider... Sweetness intensifies fruit ripens on the plum is a thornless dwarf cultivar that grows near the Caspian Sea ripe.

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