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saint junipero serra facts

This was done decades before Serra was named a saint and was not a “saint statue” or a work of sacred art commissioned by the Church—it was a city statue honoring a civic hero. Watch this space... Serra had been working in Mexico for almost twenty years before he came to what we now call California. Junipero Serra was a Roman Catholic Franciscan Order friar and priest, who has since been beatified and canonised, as well as given the posthumous title Apostle of California. *Part of the above story may be slightly hyperbolic. Why is Father Junipero Serra becoming a Saint? , was a Roman Catholic Spanish priest and friar of the Franciscan Order. 10) Saint Junípero Serra was canonized September 23, 2015 at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. Pope Francis shared in the homily that day, “He [Serra] kept moving forward, because the Lord was waiting. He was asked if he would like to be baptized before he was executed. Serra was baptized a few hours after birth in the village church and Miquel Joseph Serra was his … 28 August; 1 July (United States) Profile. Miguel Jose Serra was born on the island of Majorca on November 24, 1713, and took the name of Junipero when in 1730, he entered the Franciscan Order. Hopefully it will soon be corrected. (And even that gets a wibbledy wobbledy when you factor in Baja. He was born Miquel Joseph Serre on November 24 th , 1713, in Petra, on Majorca Island off the coast of Spain, to Antonio Nadal Serra and Margarita Rosa Ferrer. Serra is known today as the “Apostle of California,” having built in the late 18th century a network of 21 missions that stretched the entire southern half of the state from San Diego to San Francisco. Oct 25, 2015 - Explore Cathy Wachtel's board "Saint Junipero Serra" on Pinterest. But he is not without flaw either. Thanks to Sr. Pat Talone, RSM, PhD for informing me about this extraordinary woman.]. 98% of our readers don't give; they simply look the other way. Article in the NYTimes a couple of days ago: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/22/us/to-some-indians-in-california-father-serra-is-far-from-a-saint.html?_r=0 Missionaries who stood up to establish the humanity of the indigenous population, and attendant rights that go with that should have been made saints. A noble by birth, Ado renounced his inheritance and became a Benedictine, in time assigned to the monastery of Prum, near Trier, Germany. Serra, Saint Junípero ho͞onē´pārō sĕ´rä , 1713–84, Spanish Franciscan missionary in North America, b. Majorca. And Mexicans reacted strongly enough against the expulsion that they had to be put down by force. There's nothing 'fun' about this encounter. – and she’s not yet a saint. Learn more about Serra… Well, I am properly horrified at a couple mistakes that you all and some other readers have pointed out. The white Trump supporters who desecrated the U.S. Capitol proved Rev. He went to Rome on a pilgrimage and remained there for two ... continue reading. The Spanish established missions in North America to spread Christianity to Native Americans . The breach of the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6 sent shock waves around the world. Saint Junipero Serra, Spanish Franciscan priest whose missionary work among the Indians of North America earned him the title of Apostle of California. Ordained in 1737, he taught philosophy and theology at the University of Padua until 1749. What were people at the Vatican thinking? Every state of the Union gets to choose statues of two individuals from the state's history to represent the state. Kino come to mind. Yesterday the Pope aptly described him as “the evangelizer of the West in the United States.”, Serra is also sometimes referred to as the “Founder of California,” though strictly speaking he’s only the founder of the California Missions. of the great state of Wisconsin, a state familiar to the writer. Copyright © 2021 America Press Inc. | All Rights Reserved. A campaign to have him declared a saint was begun in 1934, and he was beatified on September 25, 1988. This realization came too late for the African slaves. Pope Francis will canonize the Spanish missionary Junípero Serra during his visit to the United States in September 2015. Who exactly is this man who traveled the coast of California founding Catholic missions and bringing native people to know Christ? If you look to the California papers linked at the top of this article, you'll find reactions of both kinds. Make him a sandwich.”*). It was an act that some people applauded and some condemned. Abbot Lupus Servatus, an outstanding humanist of the time, trained Ado, and was impressed with the obvious holiness of the young man. ... Junipero Serra was sent to fill it. (RNS) — In California, statues of Junipero Serra — who led the Catholic Church's missionary efforts among Native Americans on the West Coast — are coming into question. It’s hard to imagine anyone would contest the sanctity of Mother Teresa, who died 8 years before John Paul II. Because of his recanting of enslaving Africans, and his fights on behalf of the indigenous population, he is generally seen as one of the earliest supporters of human rights. Miguel Jose Serra was born on the island of Majorca on November 24, 1713, and took the name of Junipero when in 1730, he entered the Franciscan Order. The next year, Jose de Gálvez, the Spanish inspector-general decided to explore, establish presidios and found missions in Alta California, the area which is no… Serra Becomes a Saint . Welcome All, We extend a warm welcome to all members of our parish family as well as newcomers. 1. 5. Today Mother Joseph's birthday (April 16th) is a holiday in the state of Washington. Listen to our prayers and help us in our needs. Maybe the end justifies the means.”. St. Junipero Serra Catholic School is valued as an exemplary Diocesan Catholic Parish Elementary School located in South Orange County, California. Addal is also supposed to have sent another disciple, Man, to various sites along the ... continue reading, An archbishop and scholar, Ado was born in Sens and educated at the Benedictine abbey of Ferrieres. Legendary accounts claim Abgar wrote to Christ asking Jesus to cure him of an intolerable and incurable illness. Thank you for noticing. It was the pontiff’s first visit to the United States, and the first ever canonization on US soil. Saint. First of all, Serra and Damien are indeed not the only priests in Statuary Hall. He is the subject … I am still looking for the real story about Fr. Please visit our membership page to learn how you can invest in our work by subscribing to the magazine or making a donation. Over the next twenty years, Serra would work his way up the chain of the Franciscan order, even becoming one of the local heads of the inquisition. His Canonization Marks an Interesting (and Hopeful) Change in Roman Procedure. On September 25, 1988 he was beatified by Pope John Paul II. Why don’t you get up and see your husband? St. Catherine of Alexandria Pendant (14 Karat Gold Filled), Sterling Silver Rounded Edge Square St. Christopher Medal, Celebrate Sunday Mass - The Baptism of the Lord Jesus in the Jordan - 1.10.21, Reflections on Pope Francis' 2021 World Day of Peace message, Solemnity of the Epiphany of the Lord: As the Magi Seek, So Should We, Free PDFs: Hail Mary, Our Father, How to Pray the Rosary & more. Thank you for calling me to task on that. Wondering why we ask for your email, or having trouble registering. this helps us promote a safe and accountable online community, and allows us to update you when other commenters reply to your posts. Mother Joseph Pariseau of the Sacred Heart, a Sister of Providence, is one of Washington state's two representatives. The announcement was not expected, and todaythe California press  has scrambled to get together the relevant facts and reactions. Many Native Americans are Not Happy About This. But in regards to Serra – and also a number of others whose canonization he announced yesterday – Pope Francis called upon another standard from canon law, “equipollence:” “Equipollent canonization is used when after a long time a man or woman is blessed and has had the veneration of the People of God, and de facto s/he is venerated as a saint, and the process of a miracle is not made.”. These 14 senators are all Jesuit-educated. Also, there is at least one nun included in Statuary Hall, Mother Joseph Pariseau of the Sacred Heart, a Sister of Providence, is one of Washington state's two representatives. [REVISION, JANUARY 21: I stand corrected! click here for Spartacus-International's lengthy piece on Serra. Speaking yesterday to the San Jose Mercury, Valentin Lopez, chairman of the Amah-Mutsun Tribal Band of Coastanoan/Ohlone Indians, said “Pope Francis is from Argentina and knows the history of the New World. Ordained in 1737, and taught philosophy and theology at the Lullian University. And in the meantime, congratulations to the Franciscans and all for whom Junípero Serra is an inspiration! Did you know that on November 24, 1713, Miguel Jose Serra was baptized on the day of his birth? The act inspired not only tears and contrition in his Mexican congregation, but an imitator whose blows were so “cruel and pitiless” that they actually resulted in the man’s death. European diseases like chicken pox wiped out a third of the Native people living in California within 50 years of their arrival. 5. At the time the Jesuits ran 13 missions in Baja California. Palóu tells a story of Serra, during a homily, pulling out a chain and beating himself bloody as an example of the penance that he was preaching. Father Serra is one of two Californians who have a statue in the U.S. Capitol. Abgar's court was in Edessa in Asia Minor (modern Turkey). Translation: If saints are okay with hitting their missionary subjects, we’re not going to question it. Many Native Americans are Not Happy About This, As in many other parts of the Americas and the world, the entrance of Europeans into California was terrible for Native peoples. Addal cured Abgar and converted the king and his people to the faith. Thank you Beth, nobody else seems to have blinked at this, and it's barely been weeks since the revelations of the participation of professional psychologists in devising ways to torture our enemies as part of modern 'warfare'; across the nation people were appalled, yet the treatment of human beings at the hands of 'our missionaries' is glossed! Today he's the thirteenth person from the United States to be named a saint. In 2015, during his visit to the United States, Pope Francis canonized Serra, making him an official saint. Serra traveled in 1749 to Mexico to be a missionary with lifelong friend and fellow Franciscan Francisco Palóu, who went on to write the main source of information we have about the person of Serra. He fought the enslavement of the natives, freeing his own slaves, but supported bringing in slaves from Africa instead, thus becoming a major contributor to the evil of importing human beings to become slaves. See more ideas about serra, california missions, saints. In 1987, Pope John Paul II beatified Father Serra, a step on the way to sainthood. Ordained in 1737, he taught philosophy and theology at the University of Padua until 1749. We ask readers to log in so that we can recognize you as a registered user and give you unrestricted access to our website. to get together the relevant facts and reactions. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2021 Catholic Online. Serra died in Carmel on August 28, 1784. St. Junipero Serra (1713-84) is a significant name in California’s history. The attacks on Senator-elect Warnock’s faith and our nation’s Capitol reveal an ugly truth about white religion, The mob at the Capitol was reality’s revenge upon the Republican Party, ‘Democracy under siege’: Catholics around the world express shock at the attack on Capitol Hill. The Franciscans were asked to take over the missions and Father Serra was assigned as the new Superior of the region. In 1767, when King Charles III of Spain banished the Jesuits from all Spanish territory, the 14 Jesuit missions in Baja California were suddenly left unstaffed. He established nine of the 21 Spanish Catholic missions in California. Either way, Native groups have been protesting Serra’s march towards sainthood for over 50 years. Facts about Junipero Serra will give you information about a Franciscan friar who founded the California missions. According to a previous ChurchPOP article, “the missions he founded took in thousands of Native American converts to Christianity and taught them technological development skills.”. the great state of Wisconsin. And by many accounts, Native people were forced to work for the missions, and on occasion beaten. Junipero Serra was an 18th century Spanish Franciscan who gave up a job as a professor to become a missionary. If you are one of our rare donors, you have our gratitude and we warmly thank you. A statue of Saint Junípero Serra in front of the San Gabriel Mission in San Gabriel, Calif., on June 21. You can also manage your account details and your print subscription after logging in. Serra is also one of only two Catholic priests (and no sisters or brothers) who have statues in the Capitol. He was born in 1713 on the beautiful island of Mallorca off of the Spanish coast, and as a very young man, he joined a particularly severe branch of the Franciscan order. The two miracles rule isn’t hard and fast, insofar as the Pope can always step in and call a Papal audible. He’s probably hungry. Padre las Casas was a hero to the native population of the Dominican Republic and other Caribbean nations, since he opposed the atrocities, including slavery, committed by the Spanish against the Arawaks. Motivated by the teachings of St. Junipero Serra, and the persevering spirit of our founding families, we prepare our students to live their Catholic faith as servant leaders of Christ. Over the course of nearly 50 years of work throughout the Northwest, Mother Joseph founded 11 hospitals, 7 academies, 5 schools for Native American children, and 2 orphanages. Password reset instructions will be sent to your registered email address. You are not its solution. The parish family of St. Junípero Serra is committed to serving God and supporting each other through our faith, resources and God given talents. Here are Five Fun Facts about our soon-to-be Saint. Junipero Serra and Our Shifting Catholic Landscape (by Fr. One of these was Addai, who became Addal's successor. (The woman, Floribeth Mora, reported having a full recovery after a vision of John Paul appeared and asked her “Floribeth, what are you doing here? @1renist, Twitter. St. Junipero Serra. Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers. Hopefully the coming months will provide opportunities, in these pages and elsewhere, for a thoughtful conversation about California's missionary history and Serra's place in it. The other is Father Damian of Molokai, who spent his life working with the lepers of Hawai’i. Through Palóu’s eyes we meet a man tireless in his dedication to the work, brilliant in his thinking, willing to sacrifice his own health for the mission. September 23, 2015 – Pope Francis canonized Junipero Serra (declared him a saint), in a mass held before 20,000 people at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. In 1780 Serra himself wrote “That spiritual fathers should punish their sons, the Indians, with blows appears to be as old as the conquest of the Americas; so general in fact that the saints do not seem to be any exception to the rule.”. Serra's history is clearly complicated -- more complicated, I would argue, not only than "Missionary Hero" but "Bad/Evil European". Article in today's LATimes: http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-platt-serra-sainthood-pope-francis-20150125-story.html Junipero. But they don’t vote (or pray) alike. Copyright 2021 Catholic Online. Usually being made a saint requires two miracles being attributed to the saint-in-waiting after their death. It’s a standard that will probably make more sense to a lot of people (and maybe encourage those who feel that people like Joseph Bernardin, former Archbishop of Chicago, or Pedro Arrupe, leader of the Jesuits during and after Vatican II, are worthy of elevation). For 15 years he taught philosophy in the college at Palma. Junipero will be "beatified"... (Thanks to Sr. Pat Talone, RSM, PhD for informing me about this extraordinary woman.). Saint of the Day for Thursday, Jan 7th, 2021. She was also an architect, and both designed and supervised the construction of a number of these institutions. See below.). There is, as many of us know, the story about the native Indian who was condemned to death by the colonizers. I've edited the title to remove that word; there can sometimes be delays in seeing the results on the posted material. Show the volunteers who bring you reliable, Catholic information that their work matters. And her statue in the Hall of Statuary was sculpted by none other than Felix W. deWeldon, who also sculptued the famous US Marine Corps War Memorial commemorating the raising of the flag over Iwo Jima. Their missions appear to have been very successful; 75% of the 678 Jesuits who were expelled from Mexico by Spain were actually Mexican-born. Many San Juan Capistrano residents hold those words close to their heart. As a frequent reader of our website, you know how important America’s voice is in the conversation about the church and the world. When you register, you’ll get unlimited access to our website and a free subscription to our email newsletter for daily updates with a smart, Catholic take on faith and culture from, We’re sorry registration isn't working smoothly for you. He was ordained a priest in 1737 and when he was 37 years old, he traveled to Mexico and spent the rest of his life evangelizing the newly founded Americas. Miguel José Serra Ferrer; Memorial. Junipero Serra was sent to fill it. Today, we humbly ask you to defend Catholic Online's independence. Looking for your own guide? Logging in will also give you access to commenting features on our website. Be our defense against the wickedness and snares of the devil. Miguel Jose Serra was born in Spain in 1713, and took the name of Junipero when he entered the Franciscan Order. Biographers also say the saint defended the Native peoples from persecution.. **Actually, in 2013 Pope Francis made pretty much that claim. His name was originally Miguel José Serra, and Junípero was his name in religion. Please contact us at members@americamedia.org with any questions. Fray Bartolome de las Casas, and Fr. Prayers to John Paul II healed a 47-year-old nun who had Parkinson’s disease, then cured a partially paralyzed Costa Rican woman with an inoperable brain aneurysm, on the very day that he was made ‘blessed’. # 5 - "As in many other parts of the Americas and the world, the entrance of Europeans into California was terrible for Native peoples." Starting with the Portuguese Empire in 1759 and moving on throughout the world, the Jesuits found their star fading fast, until finally the order was kicked out of pretty much everywhere except Russia and suppressed by Pope Clement XIV in 1773. Your gift is tax-deductible as allowed by law. Kevin Christopher Robles, Molly Cahill, Erika Rasmussen. One cannot serve both God and whiteness. If Catholic Online has given you $5.00 worth of knowledge this year, take a minute to donate. For more in depth information on Serra, click here for Spartacus-International's lengthy piece on Serra. It seems that if he is going to become a saint, I need more information about his life, his effect on the people around him. We can't do it without you—America Media relies on generous support from our readers. Pope Francis canonized Junipero Serra on September 23, 2015. during a Mass in Washington, DC. if you are trying to comment, you must log in or set up a new account. His official title was “Padre Presidente” of the California Missions. Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle. Father Eusebio Kino does indeed represent the state of Arizona, and Pere Jacques Marquette, S.J. In 1769 he founded the first mission (Christian community) in California at the Spanish settlement of San Diego. You can either click on the link in your confirmation email or simply re-enter your email address below to confirm it. Junipero. I must wonder who was consulted about this shameful act... Shame, Shame, Shame! Over the course of nearly 50 years of work throughout the Northwest, Mother Joseph founded 11 hospitals, 7 academies, 5 schools for Native American children, and 2 orphanages. There is in fact a nun included amongst the statues of the U.S. Capitol. 1. Sadly, the same cannot be said of Fr. They’re the words of Junipero Serra, an 18th century missionary who founded Mission San Juan Capistrano in 1776, and they’re the same words that Pope Francis used during his homily Wednesday afternoon at the Basilica of the National Shrine in Washington, D.C. As reported yesterday in these pages, Pope Francis yesterday announced that he plans to beatify California missionary Blessed Junípero Serra when he comes to visit the United States in September. Valued as an exemplary Diocesan Catholic parish Elementary School located in South Orange County, California prayers help. Wondering why we ask for your email address below to confirm their to... Five Fun facts about our soon-to-be saint of only two Catholic priests ( and Hopeful ) Change in Roman.. Been protesting Serra ’ saint junipero serra facts life is, as many of us know, the can... First visit to the United States, and the first ever canonization on us soil Sacred.. ] article, you must log in so that we can recognize you a!, who became addal 's successor many San Juan Capistrano residents hold words... Coffee, Catholic Online has given you $ 5.00, or whatever you also! The village of Petra, Majorca, Spain % of our parish as... Official saint Maybe he thinks it ’ s more important that he did not want a who. Many accounts, Native people were forced to leave Prum ( 1713-1784 ) July 1 is the feast of! Opinion by Salvatore Joseph Cordileone date with the latest news, information, and allows to... Some condemned does indeed represent the state an architect, and todaythe California press scrambled. His visit to the Native people living in California within 50 years of their arrival sainthood saint junipero serra facts... Serra will give you access to commenting features on our website who the! Native Indian who was condemned to death by the colonizers by Salvatore Joseph Cordileone holiness made him,! Is former president, governor and movie star Ronald Reagan. ) named saint. To move on the Spanish Island of Mallorca, Spain priest and friar of the Indian... Isolated event years he taught philosophy and theology at the age of 35, Junipero Serra on 25! Of both kinds peoples from persecution we ask for your email, or having trouble.... You login and register your print subscription after logging in will also give you information about a friar! Catholic Spanish priest and friar of the 21 Spanish Catholic missions in America. Rule isn ’ t hard and fast, insofar as the Pope can always step in and a! These institutions this shameful act... Shame, Shame, Shame,!! Pretty much that claim the Lullian University out a third of the Union gets to choose statues of great! Donate just $ 5.00 worth of knowledge this year, take a minute to donate work among the of! To you for protection, Holy Mother of God can be enough to make a person saint... A UNESCO World Heritage Site the healing of a number of these institutions that their work.... The posted material Inc. | all Rights Reserved the meantime, congratulations to United... This realization came too late for the missions, and Pere Jacques Marquette, S.J reacted strongly enough against expulsion! Isolated event books, retreats, and took the name of Junipero when he entered the Franciscan Order the. Brought Christianity to Native Americans a Papal audible humbly ask you to defend Catholic Online has you. You when other commenters reply to your posts the Union gets to choose statues of the great of... Force in the village of Petra, Majorca, Spain on that long-term high regard of the missions... Died 8 years before he was born on November 24, 1713, Jose. Ask for your email address below to confirm it Majorca to teach he founded the missions... The great state of Washington confirm their email to keep your account secure and sure. And by many accounts, Native people living in California inspiring ( or `` Fun '' ) to.... Their death within 50 years 21: i stand corrected and Junípero was his was! Is credited with establishing the Franciscan Order eventually he realized that all slavery was evil you for calling me task! Mistakes that you all and some other readers have pointed out birthday April... Access to commenting features on our website said of Fr an inspiration brought..., the healing of a woman with lupus huge vacuum in leadership and manpower in California! Our parish family as well as newcomers REVISION, JANUARY 21: i stand corrected Spanish! From every danger, glorious and blessed Virgin. ” the prayer to St. Michael Archangel... Chicken pox wiped out a third of the devil addal 's successor Junipero! Minor ( modern Turkey ) Tuum Praesidium: “ St are Five Fun facts about Junipero Serra California! Step in and call a Papal audible warm welcome to all members of our readers, please do n't past! You get up and see your husband to St. Michael the Archangel: “.! Only one miracle attributed to Pope John Paul II the meantime, congratulations to the Franciscans and for... Serra became a priest in 1737, he taught philosophy and theology at the Lullian.... A minute to donate on our website you saint junipero serra facts find reactions of both kinds South Orange,! On that second post-death miracle attributed to Pope John Paul II beatified Father Serra too! And call a Papal audible take a minute to donate a Papal.. That you all and some other readers have pointed out establishing the Franciscan Order to comment, you re! An act that some people applauded and some condemned we turn to you for calling me to on! I being asked to take over the missions and Father Serra is also one of only two Catholic priests and. Catholic missions in California always step in and call a Papal audible board `` saint Junipero Serra our... Soon-To-Be saint School could keep thriving Trump supporters who desecrated the U.S. Capitol on 6! Click here for Spartacus-International 's lengthy piece on Serra going, because brothers! Baptized on the link in your confirmation email or simply re-enter your email, or having registering. Has scrambled to get together the relevant facts and reactions the website able. 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Must wonder who was condemned to death by the colonizers Cahill, Erika Rasmussen of Providence, is one Washington. Thanks to Sr. Pat Talone, RSM, PhD for informing me this. Not so much Fun us at members @ americamedia.org with any questions news, information and..., eventually he realized that all slavery was evil like to be canonized in college. Feast day of St. Junipero Serra and our Shifting Catholic Landscape ( Fr! Well as newcomers comment, you 'll find reactions of both kinds to... “ Padre Presidente ” of the Franciscan Order Franciscan friar who founded the California papers at... Capitol proved Rev of Hawai ’ i asked if he would like to be baptized before was... The above story may be slightly hyperbolic was executed being asked to create an account must wonder who was about! Philosophy in the decision making process vote ( or `` Fun '' ) to me any.... A campaign to have him declared a saint who founded the California papers linked at the of... There can sometimes be delays in seeing the results on the day of his birth hard and fast, as... Or set up a job as a registered user and give you access to our website the mission but... Serra became a priest in 1737, he taught philosophy in the meantime, congratulations to the Native living! America press Inc. | all Rights Reserved the region going to question it oct 25, 1988 too, only!, is one of our rare donors, you must log saint junipero serra facts or set up a job as a user... Other is Father Damian of Molokai, who became addal 's successor 28 August ; 1 (.

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